Step-by-Step Guide to Registering a Private Limited Company

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Private Limited Company Registration: A Comprehensive Guide

A Private Limited Company (Pvt Ltd) is one of India's most popular business structures. It offers limited liability to its shareholders, restricts the number of shareholders, and prohibits public trading of shares. Registering a Private Limited Company involves several steps, legal formalities, and compliance requirements. This guide will walk you through India's Private Limited Company registration process.

Key Features of a Private Limited Company

  1. Limited Liability: Shareholders' liability is limited to their shareholding.
  2. Separate Legal Entity: The company is distinct from its owners.
  3. Perpetual Succession: The private company continues to exist regardless of changes in ownership.
  4. Minimum and Maximum Shareholders: Minimum of 2 and 200 shareholders.
  5. Restrictions on Share Transfer: Shares can only be transferred with the consent of other shareholders.

Prerequisites for Registration

  1. Directors: Minimum of 2 and a maximum of 15 directors.
  2. Shareholders: Minimum of 2 and a maximum of 200 shareholders.
  3. Registered Office Address: An address in India to receive official correspondence.
  4. Capital Requirements: No minimum capital requirement exists, but the capital amount should be stated.
  5. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): All proposed directors and shareholders are required.
  6. Director Identification Number (DIN): Required for all proposed directors.

Steps to Register a Private Limited Company

  1. Obtain Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
    • All proposed directors and shareholders must obtain DSCs. This ensures secure online filing of documents.
  2. Apply for a Director Identification Number (DIN)
    • Directors must obtain DINs by submitting the required forms, proof of identity, and address.
  3. Name Approval
    • Propose and reserve a unique company name through the MCA portal's RUN (Reserve Unique Name) web service. Ensure the name complies with the naming guidelines.
  4. Prepare and File Incorporation Documents
    • Draft the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA).
    • File the SPICe+ (Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically Plus) form along with the necessary documents:
      • MOA and AOA
      • Declaration by directors and shareholders
      • Proof of registered office address
      • Identity and address proof of directors and shareholders
  5. Payment of Fees
    • Pay the prescribed government fees and stamp duty, which varies based on the state of incorporation and authorized capital.
  6. Certificate of Incorporation
    • A Certificate of Incorporation is issued upon verification and approval by the Registrar of Companies (ROC). This certificate includes the Company Identification Number (CIN).
  7. Apply for PAN and TAN
    • Apply for the company's Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) after incorporation.

Post-Incorporation Compliance

  1. Bank Account: Open a current bank account in the company’s name.
  2. Registered Office: Ensure the registered office is operational within 30 days of incorporation.
  3. Commencement of Business: File a declaration for the commencement of business within 180 days of incorporation.
  4. Statutory Registers: Maintain statutory registers and records.
  5. Compliance Filings: Regularly file annual returns, financial statements, and other compliance documents with the ROC.

Benefits of Registering a Private Limited Company

  1. Credibility and Trust: Enhances the company’s credibility and attracts investors.
  2. Limited Liability Protection: Safeguards personal assets of shareholders.
  3. Ease of Raising Capital: Raising funds from investors and financial institutions is more effortless.
  4. Tax Benefits: Avail various tax deductions and benefits.
  5. Perpetual Existence: Continues to exist irrespective of changes in ownership.


Registering a Private Limited Company in India is a systematic process that offers numerous advantages regarding credibility, limited liability, and growth potential. Following the steps outlined in this guide, you can successfully establish your Private Limited Company and leverage its benefits for business success.


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Feature List
  • Private Limited Company Registration

Contact Information

West Karikalan Street, CMWSSB Division 161, Ward 161, Zone 12 Alandur, Alandur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600088, India
Zip/Post Code

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